Pisa is the capital city of the Province of Pisa and is nested in the beautiful region of Tuscany. Once a Roman colony and then a Christian bishopric, it became a flourishing commercial center in the 11th century and a center of woolen manufacturing two centuries later.
While it is famous worldwide for its leaning tower, it also has many historic churches and medieval palaces, as well as a 14th-century university and a Square of Miracles. And scientist Galileo Galilei was born there.
The origins of the city's name remains a mystery until today. According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, "Pisa lay by the sea until the 15th century, by which time accumulated silt deposited by the Arno River had completely cut the city off from the receding shoreline."
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